Now the whole earth had one language and the same words. And as people migrated from the east, they found a plain in the land of Shinar and settled there. And they said to one another, “Come, let us make bricks, and burn them thoroughly.” And they had brick for stone, and bitumen for mortar. Then they said, “Come, let us build ourselves a city and a tower with its top in the heavens, and let us make a name for ourselves, lest we be dispersed over the face of the whole earth.” And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of man had built. And the Lord said, “Behold, they are one people, and they have all one language, and this is only the beginning of what they will do. And nothing that they propose to do will now be impossible for them. Come, let us go down and there confuse their language, so that they may not understand one another’s speech.” So the Lord dispersed them from there over the face of all the earth, and they left off building the city. Therefore its name was called Babel, because there the Lord confused the language of all the earth. And from there the Lord dispersed them over the face of all the earth.
(in order of mention from sermon)
Last Time We Learned…
- That God’s sovereign plan is shown in Japheth’s sons’ mention in prophecy.
- That even God’s enemies exist under God’s sovereign hand?
- That God allowed a line of close relations that contains some who were not faithful
Things to Learn About My Own Walk with God this Week…
- That Scripture makes much more sense when you learn how it is organized.
- That because of our limitations, man will never naturally be happy doing as God instructs.
- That God often acts to overcome human limits.
‘Without Knowledge’ – בְּלִי־דָעַת׃ (belî- dă·ʿǎṯ) – A word construct in two parts, בְּלִי ‘No’ and דַּעַת “…understanding, wisdom, i.e., a knowledge with focus on moral qualities and its application….” In Job 38, the idea was that Job possessed no way to know if his own thinking and life had moral quality or no. Then God followed by showing that Job had no part in Creation where morality was set by God’s nature.
“His Understanding” – לִתְבוּנָתוֹ (litbûnātô) – “…understanding, insight, wisdom, i.e., capacity for discerning a right course of action….”2 Psalm 147:5 tells us that God is uniquely qualified to have any understanding, and taken through good and necessary consequence with Job 38:2-5, this is because of His presence and work in the Creation of all things.
The whole counsel of God concerning all things necessary for His own Glory, man’s salvation, faith, and life, is either expressly set down in Scripture, or by good and necessary consequence may be deduced from Scripture: unto which nothing at any time is to be added …” 3
1 James Swanson, Dictionary of Biblical Languages with Semantic Domains : Hebrew (Old Testament) (Oak Harbor: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 1997).
2 James Swanson, Dictionary of Biblical Languages with Semantic Domains : Hebrew (Old Testament).
3 Westminster Confession of Faith, Chapter I, Article VI (Emphasis Mine)